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Mon, 10/07/2019 - 5:03am  |  FT Alphaville

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枪支、亲信与庄稼:缅甸军政商界亲信合谋抢夺土地

Thu, 04/16/2015 - 5:05am  |  Global Witness
26th March 2015 Include in Homepage Featured Items feed:  off

English version

内容摘要

《枪支、亲信与庄稼》是全球见证组织针对缅甸土地问题发布的首份报告。报告基于长达18个月的调查,详细记述了缅甸军方、商界和政界亲信如何合谋征收少数民族村民的土地,建立商业化的橡胶种植园。该报告同时揭露了上述土地征收行为对当地民众的伤害;自缅甸大受赞誉的民主转型以来,这些民众的境遇并无明显改观。目前,缅甸政府正制定其第一版总体性《国家土地政策》,对于缅甸人民来说,这是前所未有的难得机遇,以保卫自己的土地权利,并确保一个较为公平和可持续的未来。

自从2011年缅甸进行民主改革以来,缅政府反复宣称自己在缓解贫困和改善民主权利等方面取得了显著成效,然而,大面积土地征收的报道却不断涌现。截至2013年,共有530万英亩土地被租给投资者用于商业化农业种植,面积相当于35个仰光市,并且绝大多数情况下都未经土地所有人同意。上述土地中,橡胶种植园面积占比超过四分之一。对于七成人口依赖农田和森林为生的缅甸人民来说,这种疯狂征收土地的行为严重损害了他们的生计。

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Azerbaijan reprimanded by international transparency initiative for civil society crackdowns.

Thu, 04/16/2015 - 3:57am  |  Global Witness
16th April 2015 Include in Homepage Featured Items feed:  off

Azerbaijan was sanctioned yesterday by the International board of the Extractives Industries Transparency Initiative meeting in Brazzaville, Congo, for crackdowns on civil society. 

Having been the first state to join the 48 country transparency initiative, Azerbaijan has now been demoted back to candidate status and is no longer deemed compliant with its standards.

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European Parliament’s Trade Committee wastes ground-breaking opportunity on conflict minerals

Tue, 04/14/2015 - 10:18am  |  Global Witness
14th April 2015 Include in Homepage Featured Items feed:  off

Joint Civil Society Public Statement

Today the European Parliament’s Committee on International Trade (INTA) wasted a ground-breaking opportunity to tackle the deadly trade in conflict minerals. The Committee voted in favour of a weak and ineffective law that, if passed, would undermine global attempts to clean up the trade. It would require only a tiny number of companies importing four key minerals into Europe to source them responsibly and transparently.

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Call for transparency and honesty over costs and benefits of any UK oil “windfall”

Thu, 04/09/2015 - 6:58am  |  Global Witness
9th April 2015 Include in Homepage Featured Items feed:  off

A public debate over the economic, environmental and social benefits of oil extraction in the UK is needed long before the value of potential new discoveries can be judged, warned Global Witness as UK Oil and Gas Investments (UKOG) announced a “world class potential” find near Gatwick Airport.

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财务披露成为中国海外石油、天然气及矿业公司的 “新常态”

Wed, 04/08/2015 - 6:08am  |  Global Witness
25th March 2015 Include in Homepage Featured Items feed:  off

English version

当谈及海外企业拒绝向当地人公开企业状况,人们往往认为中国企业的这一问题最为突出。不过,昨天发布的一项研究报告对此提出了质疑。

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挪威国家石油创历史的披露行为使埃克森和壳牌的保密企图受挫

Mon, 03/30/2015 - 9:11am  |  Global Witness
19th March 2015 Include in Homepage Featured Items feed:  off

English version

透明度行动倡议者呼吁美国证券交易委员会跟随挪威的步伐

挪威能源巨头挪威国家石油公司(Statoil)于今日发布了企业向政府支付款项的报告,是主要油企中首个在新强制性透明度标准下发布报告的公司。美国证交会正在努力制定类似的透明度标准,以监督在美上市的石油和矿业企业。公布支付金联盟(Publish What You Pay)也呼吁美国监管部门效仿挪威。(1)

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